Boreholes For New Build Private Housing Flats

This section illustrates the costs of installing Kensa ground source heat pump heating and hot water systems in 200 new-build private flats. The scheme features an individual Kensa Shoebox Heat Pump in each flat, connected to a Shared Ground Loop Array of boreholes

We have provided a ground source heat pump design with schematic drawings and ground source heat pump installation costs for both self-financed and funded split ownership shared ground loop array options versus a mains gas boiler alternative.

Kensa's Ambient shared ground loop arrays in luxury new build development, The Dunes

Example: Finances

Kensa has calculated example costs below to illustrate the upfront finance required for self-financed and funded split ownership Shared Ground Loop Arrays in large housing developments featuring the Kensa Shoebox heat pump.

Also included are expected running costs and income generated via the Non-Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) over a 20 year period (the duration of the Non Domestic RHI), compared to a mains gas boiler system. For a bespoke quote please click here.

Heat Pump System

System architectureAmbient Shared Ground Loop Arrays
Total heat pump capacity409.31kW
Equipment type200 x 3kW Shoebox
Design conditions0/45°C
Potable DHW temp60°C
Integral immersion heatersNo (DNO friendly)
Ground array typeBoreholes
Total depth of boreholes8,213 metres
*Boreholes based on average ground conductivity. Average 18 sq/m per property – each borehole serves a minimum of 2 properties.


Total Project Costs, Savings & Returns vs. Mains Gas Boiler


Kensa Ground Source Heat Pumps & Shared Borehole Ground Array

Gas Combi Boiler
Finance OptionSelf-FinancedFunded Split OwnershipSelf-Financed
Lifetime Expectancy: ApplianceUp to 20 yearsUp to 20 yearsUp to 10 years
Lifetime Expectancy: InfrastructureUp to 100 yearsUp to 100 yearsUp to 100 years
Carbon Saved vs Gas (over 20 years)*2,536 TCO²2,536 TCO²-
Local NOx Emissions Saved vs Gas**40.9 kgNOx/y40.9 kgNOx/y-
Appliance, Infrastructure & Project Management Cost ***£1,136,756£411,951£760,000
Running Cost Savings vs. Gas (over 20 years)****£93,824£93,824-
Servicing Costs Per Property (over 20 years)*****£2,000£2,000£2,000
RHI Income (over 20 years)******£2,049,097-Not eligible
Net cost (after 20 years)*******£912,341 profit£411,951 cost£760,000 cost
*Carbon saving based on carbon emissions of 0.519kgCO2/kWh for electric and 0.216kgCO2/kWh for gas. Assumes 80% efficiency for gas and 300% efficiency for ground source heat pumps.**NOx emission based on 44mg per kWh based on a worcester greenstar combi. ***Costs are for the design, supply and installation of the ground array and supply only of the ground source heat pump, cylinder, and antifreeze, to be installed by M&E contractor. Tenant network connection fee applies. ****Based on gas at 49p a unit and 80% efficiency.  *****Ground source heat pumps have no requirement for annual maintenance. However, it is good practice for the heating distribution system to be proactively checked and maintained to ensure optimum performance G3 Cylinder check will be requried. ******The Non-Domestic RHI is a 20 year index linked funding stream which assumes inflation at 3%. *******Net cost does not include servicing and running costs. net cost for gas does not include an additional gas boiler, which will likely need to be factored in during the 20 year comparison period due to a gas boiler’s 10 year average lifetime expectancy.

Example: Capex

Cumulative Deficit / Surplus Over 20 Year RHI Period

private flats new build capex graph

Counterfactual based on mains gas costs
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Example: Schematic

Coming soon!

Case study: The Dunes

A landmark luxury housing development comprising forty apartments and houses currently under construction amongst the famous dunes of Perranporth beach in Cornwall is featuring Kensa’s ambient-temperature Shared Ground Loop Array and Shoebox heat pumps to breathe new life into a former derelict hotel site.

The Dunes sees five Shared Ground Loop Arrays consisting of 19 boreholes in total.

Read More
CGI The Dunes

Smaller project?

Kensa Heat Pumps can help!

Visit our sister site for smaller scale costed examples and advice from the UK’s number one ground source heat pump supplier and manufacturer.

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Brochures: Funded Split Ownership for Shared Ground Loop Arrays

Download Kensa’s two-page guide to funded Shared Ground Loop Arrays in new build developments, including funded project examples and details of the funding mechanism.